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Rosacea

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  • Rosacea Skin Complexion

    Skin Complexion

    Rosacea is more common in people with fairer skin tones since the redness is more visible for those with lighter complexion.

  • Rosacea due to Genetics

    Genetics

    Rosacea has been linked to genetics. It is much more common for those with a family history of the condition.

  • Rosacea Common triggers

    Common triggers

    The most common triggers are extreme fluctuations in temperature, spicy foods and caffeinated beverages

  • Rosacea Mistaken Identity

    Mistaken Identity

    Rosacea early on can appear similar to acne or sensitive skin and as such treating rosacea the same as acne can complicate the issue.

Causes of Rosacea

Rosacea is a non-contagious disorder of the skin which causes inflammation on the face. The first signs are generally frequent flushing or blushing to the face. In later stages, the skin exhibits a permanent flush and sufferers can sometimes develop pimples in the affected areas. It is caused by the enlargement of the blood vessels (capillaries) closest to the surface of the skin. This dilation is what gives rosacea the red flushed appearance.

This long-term skin condition results in redness, swelling, small and superficial blood vessels to become quite visible in the areas affected. Rosacea usually affects areas of the face such as nose, cheeks, forehead and chin.

The cause of rosacea is unknown. However, there are triggers that have been identified as playing a part in its development. These include exposure to extreme temperatures, over-exhausting exercise, burns caused by exposure to ultraviolet light and internal factors such as stress or anxiety.

Certain parts of diets can also trigger rosacea such as alcohol, caffeinated foods and beverages and spicy foods.

If left untreated, rosacea can worsen over time producing other side effects such as more redness around affected areas and rhinophyma which is the thickening and redness of the nose.

The cause of Rosacea is unknown and there is no cure for the disorder. If left untreated the symptoms generally worsen with age and in some cases may lead to the development of deformities which cause redness, enlargement and a fibrous thickening of the nose (rhinophyma).

Symptoms of Rosacea

While the cause of rosacea is unknown and there is no cure, we can still offer effective treatment to control the signs and symptoms of this potentially life-disruptive disorder. Common signs include:

Enlarged capillaries (telangiectasis)

Frequent and lasting flush across the nose and cheeks

Yellow-headed pimples on the forehead, cheeks and chin

Non-tender lumps under the skin

Swollen cheeks and nose (hyperplasia)

Frequent blushing

Burning or stinging sensations

Facial rashes

Triggers for Rosacea

There are many environmental factors that can trigger rosacea or cause it to worsen. These include:

Alcohol

Coffee and tea and hot drinks

Spicy foods

Overexposure to sunlight

Anxiety and emotional stress

Overheating, especially in bed at night

Treatment Options Available for Rosacea

Options available for the treatment and management of rosacea are dependant on the severity and may include:

Creams and gels containing antibiotics to be applied to the skin

The avoidance of known triggers such as sun exposure, alcohol and spicy foods

Two thirds of people have a prolonged remission after a single course of antibiotic. One third relapse within a few months and may require maintenance therapy

Antibiotics such as doxycycline can help reduce the severity of the rash and generally start to work after three to four weeks after commencing the course and take six weeks to completely clear rosacea

Laser surgery to treat the enlarged capillaries and to reduce inflammation

Laser skin resurfacing to treat the nose, if affected by rhinophyma.

Rosacea causes irregular redness or flushing of face, particularly in the cheeks or nasal areas. For treatment, we utilise either one or two methods.

We use Fotona Q-Switch FRAC3 and CoolView lasers to treat the enlarged capillaries and to reduce inflammation which causes the redness.

For rhinophyma which is a condition associated with worsened state of rosacea and is usually a large mass on the lower half of your nose,  we utilise the CO2 Fractional laser skin resurfacing to remove overgrowth of tissue and to reshape a disfigured nose.

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