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Pigmentation

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  • Pigmentation due to Melanin

    Brown patches

    Melanin produces dark brown pigmentation and is the primary melanin type in individuals with darkly pigmented skin.

  • Pigmentation due to Sun exposure

    Sun exposure

    Melanin is produced by skin cells when they are exposed to the sun. The more sun exposure, the more melanin is produced.

  • Pigmentation Exfoliating benefits

    Exfoliating benifits

    By exfoliating lightly, over time the appearance of pigmentation may be less visible but in most cases it won’t completely disappear.

  • Pigmentation Treatment

    Pigmentation Treatment

    With the Q-Switch laser, pigmentation can be completely removed over time.

About Pigmentation

Speak to the Cosmetic Medical Clinic about the pigmentation removal prices we offer in Sydney. Irregularities in the skin’s pigmentation are a result of a decrease or abnormal production and deposition of melanin (pigment) by the melanocytes.

Melanocytes are pigment-producing cells that determine the colour of our skin. Production of melanin is dependent on a number of variables such as hormones, drugs, trauma and UV or sun exposure, and is a natural protective mechanism of the skin when exposed to these elements and factors.

Abnormal Skin Pigmentation

There are two main terms when addressing issues of pigmentation:

Hyperpigmentation

The production of excess melanin causing skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots and pregnancy mask are all types of hyperpigmentation.

Hypopigmentation

Characterised by the loss of colour to the skin, it is due to the absence of normal amounts of melanin (the chemical that gives skin its colour) caused by disease, injury, burns or other trauma to the skin.

Skin pigmentation is categorised into the different layers of the skin

Epidermal (superficial) pigmentation

This type of pigmentation is usually close to the surface of the skin and are induced by sun exposure. It includes solar lentigos, freckles, and cafe-au-lait macules.

Dermal (deep) pigmentation

Dermal pigmentation is usually found in the dermal layers. It includes hori’s macules and naevus of ota.

Mixed dermal/epidermal pigmentation

This type of pigmentation traverses through both the superficial and deeper layers of the skin. Melasma is an example of this.

Causes of Hypopigmentation

The most common cause of hypopigmentation is damage or trauma to the skin. Burns, infections, pimples, blisters, scrapes and any injuries that result in scarring can all lead to skin discolouration.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

Excess skin pigmentation or hyper-pigmentation is usually caused by an overwhelming of the melanin-protective system. This leads to excess production and clumping of melanin, and the appearance of brown or darker spots of pigmentation in the skin.

CMC provides pigmentation correction in Sydney

The treatments we offer for pigmentation are as follows:

UV radiation – The most common cause, especially in areas of high UV radiation levels like Australia.

Hormonal – A common cause as seen in melasma or chloasma, this is a type of pigmentation usually caused by pregnancy or the pill.

Trauma to the skin – This can be a result of physical trauma to the skin, chemical peels, laser treatments, or acne. This is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Birthmarks and acquired pigmentation – Skin pigmentation can be present at birth (birthmarks), appear in childhood or adulthood. Examples of these include congenital melanocytic naevus, cafe au lait spots, spilus naevus, hori’s macules, and naevus of ota.

The options for pigmentation removal procedures are wide-ranging, from topical lightening creams to CO2 skin resurfacing. The type of correction and pigmentation removal costs would vary depending on individual factors such as the type of pigmentation, gender, skin type and background. At the Cosmetic Medical Clinic Sydney, we are able to correct a wide range of pigmentation problems, to great effect using the latest technology from around the world. This includes techniques suitable as a treatment for melasma.

EXELO2 CO2 Fractional Skin Resurfacing – Used for the correction of superficial and deep pigmentation.

Fotona QX Max – Q-Switched laser for the correction of superficial and deep pigmentation EXELO2 – CO2 Fractional Skin Resurfacing for the correction of superficial and deep pigmentation.

LED Healing Light Therapy – Used post treatment to quicken the recovery process of the skin.

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