Acne - Acne Scars | Cosmetic Medical Clinic

SKIN CONCERN:

Acne and
Acne Scars

Acne can affect people of all races and ages but most commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands come to life due to stimulation from the hormones produced by the adrenal glands. If acne is left untreated, it may lead to textural changes and scarring.

SKIN CONCERN:

Acne and Acne Scars

Acne can affect people of all races and ages but most commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands come to life due to stimulation from the hormones produced by the adrenal glands. If acne is left untreated, it may lead to textural changes and scarring.

What is Acne?

Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgaris, is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit, which is made up of a hair follicle and sebaceous gland (oil gland).

Acne occurs when the skin’s oil glands produce too much sebum, an oily substance that moisturises the skin. The excess accumulation of sebum along with dead skin cells creates a plug that blocks the pore. This blockage becomes infected with bacteria, resulting in swelling and the formation of a pimple or acne, as well as leave stubborn acne scars behind. 

Common Types of Acne

Blackheads: Blackheads generally form when pores are clogged due to debris and oil build-up. The dark colouration of blackheads comes from the oxidation of sebum at the surface.
Whiteheads: This type of acne occurs when the clogged follicles cause the sebum to build up inside the pore, with the white colouration being the sebum, dead cells, and bacteria directly under the skin.
Cystic Acne: Cystic acne is one of the most severe types of acne that are inflamed and filled with pus. It can be caused by hormonal imbalance, improper diet and improper skin care routine.

Learn more about Treatments for Acne >>

The key to treating acne is to find the appropriate treatment for your unique skin type and condition. Not everyone responds to the same type of treatment, which is what makes acne difficult to address. For more information on these and other acne treatments available, please speak to our laser specialists and medical doctor at Cosmetic Medical Clinic.

Ages Affected

Acne is not restricted to an age group but usually develops during puberty.

Acne Types

Acne has many forms. The most common of these are blackheads and whiteheads that are caused by blockage of the pores.

Acne Triggers

Acne can flare up from various factors such as stress and diet.

Acne Occurrence

Acne scars are usually the result of an active acne inflammation in the dermis layer of the skin.

What causes Acne Scars?

Acne scars are permanent textural changes and indentations that may occur as a result of severe acne. If acne is left untreated, it will lead to scarring and can form as pigmentation or dark spots which are more difficult to treat in the long term. When acne occurs, large pus-filled spaces known as the cysts form, destroy the surrounding skin tissue and hinder the healing process. Once the cyst empties the area, allowing it to heal, it leaves behind a scar on the face. 

The term “scarring” is not used for the temporary red and brown marks left early after acne has occurred, as these marks will almost always improve without treatment.

Types of Acne Scarring

Ice pick: Deep, but small pits
Boxcar: Sharp angles and edges; can be shallow or deep, these scars appear as small craters in the skin, usually on the cheeks or temples. These are often more difficult to treat.
Rolling: Tend to be wide and shallow (a wavy look) caused by damage under the surface

Learn more about Treatments for Acne Scars>>

The procedure for correcting acne scarring is dependant on an individual’s skin type and the type of scar. For the removal of acne scarring, please speak to our laser specialists and medical doctor at Cosmetic Medical Clinic. 

Book a Consultation


A consultation is important to everyone with their skin concern. You will receive a skin examination from one of our experienced skin specialists, and discuss the appropriate treatment options, and also be given an accurate quotation at the end of the consultation.

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